Tinco Lycklama’s acquaintances from his 1865-68 voyage

In April 1865, Tinco Lycklama left Paris and embarked on a personal voyage to explore new horizons. It lasted three-and-a-half years and took him, via Russia and the Caucasus, to Persia and the Middle East. Being the only Dutchmen in the region at that time, he became de facto the first Dutch “orientalist”.

Like any traveler, Tinco met many people during his trip. But, unlike most regular “tourists”, he acquainted also many local and regional notables – and wrote about them (and about the places he visited) in the books about his travels.. Over 300 names and very specific encounters – with dates and locations – appear in the books that Tinco published (in French) upon his return. For the first time, all these encounters are reproduced here (in English).

Our research will progressively helps us to identify and to profile these people. This can be of historical interest and may assist others with their research into the politics, the culture and the commerce of these regions.

The biographical notes on this page may spawn separate pages. Spelling will be adapted to facilitate research, but we will also maintain the names as indicated by Tinco Lycklama. Over time, we will ‘hard-link’ biographies directly to the exact citations in Tinco’s books – via a “linked open data”-compliant database (under development).

Cette page propose l’inventaire de toutes les rencontres citées explicitement dans l’œuvre publiée par Tinco Lycklama suite à son grand voyage de 1865-68. Cet inventaire évoluera vers un ‘réseau’ de biographies et de sources interconnectées en exploitant une base de données (en développement sous les principes “linked open data”). Les informations présentées sur cette page seront enrichies à fur et à mesure.

Deze pagina presenteert alle ontmoetingen die Tinco Lycklama specifiek vermeldt in de boeken die hij publiceerde over zijn grote reis van 1865-68. Deze inventaris evolueert op termijn naar een ‘netwerk’ van verbonden biografieën en bronnen via een database (conform met de principes van “linked open data”). De informatie op deze pagina wordt permanent bijgewerkt en verrijkt.

A selection of personalities…

Chronology of acquaintances

Encounters in Russia and the Caucasus (04/65-04/66)

In Riga…

  • Alexander Witte (1844-xxxx), military (served in the Caucasus) (brother of Sergei Witte (1849-1915) and son of Julius Witte and princess Ekatarina Fadeev; Julius Witte possessed a mine and a ‘naphta’ well in the Caspian Sea, near Bakou)
  • Nikolay Georg Kymmel (1816-1905), librarian
  • Friedrich, Freiherr von Meyendorff (1839-1911), landowner and banker

Note: A very likely encounter – to be verified, but suggested by references given by Tinco – is also prince Alexander Karlovich Lieven (1801-1880). Tinco visits the palace of the prince in the Aa valley near Riga (Krimulda Castle)

On the Volga trip…

  • N.N. van Bergen, captain of the steamship Vladimir Glasenach, on the Volga (traveling the Volga since 20 years – approx. 1845).
  • N.N. Meyer, captain of the ship from Kazan
  • German family in Baronsk (Marks, Yekaterinenstadt)
  • Prince “Tiou Minka”, of the Kalmyk (encounter on 18/07/1865)
  • Italian owner of a café-restaurant in Astrakhan
    • The same who recommends the servant Niccola, probably. The Italian restaurateur was actually owner of a circus with intelligent monkeys and dogs. But they shipwrecked on the shores of Baku and all his personnel perished.
  • A Tatar in Astrakhan
  • An English traveler who joins in Astrakhan on the barge that takes passengers to the steamboat Michel at the Caspian.
  • An Armenian merchant who joined the barge in Astrakhan, who travels on the Michel, and then shows Tinco the city of Baku.
  • A German family in Baku. This family owns and exploits a candle factory (using naphta).
  • Niccola, an Italian “courrier” at Baku (actually a musician). He becomes, for a while, Tinco’s servant in Tiflis. But, Tinco says he was a thief and a poisoner.
  • A Russian officer, head of post at Gendja (Yelizavetpol). He speaks German and French. They have dinner together.
  • At Gendja, a German family from Württemberg

In the Caucasus and Georgia (on his Tiflis stay)…

  • MM. Delsolmes, marchands de nouveautés
  • M. Glaser, “marchand de quincailleries de luxe”, from Württemberg (who rendered many little services to Tinco)
  • A visit to a large German bookstore (owner not identified)
  • M. de Schmidt, a merchant in Tiflis, who has a house in Kodjor. Also “Schmidt”, pharmacist in the Salalak quarter.
  • At Bielikloutch, and for a visit to the monastery of Chamchawilde (Samshvilde)…
    • Baron de Kleist (von Kleist?), officer in the Russian army (met at the stanitza of Bielikloutch)
    • Prince Salagoff, gentilhomme géorgien (met at Bielikloutch)
  • Two servants – an Armenian and a Persian (after getting rid of Niccola, who stole from him and who tried to poison him).
  • “Princesse Soumbatoff” (his landlady in Tblisi)
  • Baron de Nicolai, Secretary of State, adjoint to the Grand Duke Michel, responsible for civil matters. (Alexander Pavlovitj baron von Nicolay (1821-1899))
  • Tinco mentions that later, in Europe, he has re-met many friendships made in Tbilisi.
  • He met many of the principal families of Tbilisi
  • General Tshernayeff and family (Mikhail Grigoryevich Chernyaev)
  • Count and Countess Kosküll (Joseph Kosküll?)
  • Charles Bugeaud, duc d’Isly (1834-1868), the French consul of France at Tiflis, son of maréchal Bugeaud. The consul’s house became Tinco’s second home. Before leaving Tiflis, he stays two weeks at the house of d’Isly.

From Tiflis to Yerevan to Jolfa…

  • At Sarwan, at the night lodgings, meets with the wife of Hassan-Beg, one of the most important lords of neighbouring Karabagh. She is there with her son, as well as the latter’s tutor, a Frenchman. This is on 19 March 1866, and they travel the next morning together to Astafi. She was on her way to join her husband at Susa (Schoucha), the capital of Karabagh. She had lived for many years in Paris, with her husband.
  • Deodatus Arakelles Wank, underofficer at the village of Aghti, on lake Gotsha (Sevanavank)
  • The monks at the Sevanavank monastery, including the superior, Karatoun Wartabet.
  • General Mikhail Astafieff, governor of Yerevan, and his wife. (Tinco brought a recommendation from Tiflis). Governor 1864-1869.


Encounters in Persia and Iraq (04/66-11/67)

In Tabriz…

  • Würth (Swiss merchant)
  • Fiedinger (Swiss merchant)
  • Meili (Swiss merchant)
  • Bauman (Swiss Merchant)
  • Stoupine. Russian consult-general
  • Keith Edward Abbott (1814-1873). British consul-general (links to Wikipedia)
  • Térral. Lazarist priest and head of the mission at Khosroabad (Chaldean mission)

In Qasvin…

  • Mirza Cheikh Djellal, medic stationed at Tehran

In Tehran (first stay)…

  • Theodore Edmond de Krebel (1841-1926), Russian attaché
  • William John Dickson (1826-1900), British secretary
  • Emile Charles Bernay (1841- ), French secretary
  • N.N. Heise, favorite pianist of Naser ed-Din
  • Sir Robert Murdoch Smith (1835–1900), engineer, archaeologist and diplomat
  • Captain Pierson, possibly William Pierson
  • Doctor James Edmund Baker, Medical Superintendent (HBM’s Persian Telegraph Establishment), married in 1867 at Marylebone, with Harriet Anna M. P. Haig, widow (nee Dick). His sister Eleanor Catherine Baker married, in 1869, Robert Murdoch Smith.
  • August Henry Mounsey (1834-1882), British diplomat (links to Wikipedia)
  • A British tourist, Mr. Helm

In Isfahan…

  • Père Clément, ordre des mékhitaristes
  • M. Méchin, frère utérin de M. Bernay
  • M. Aganor, British consul, Armenian, with a successful brother on Java
  • Movses II Maghakian, archbishop of the Armenian churches in Persia
  • The Imam Djomè, the highest religious authority in the Isfahan province
  • The Sartipe, the general of the troops in Isfahan
  • Dr. Johan Louis Schlimmer, Dutch doctor of the governor of Isfahan (see bio…)
  • Mass’oud Mirza, “Zell-e Soltan”, governor of Isfahan, eldest son of Naser ed-Din

In Shiraz…

  • A catholic priest
  • Jaffer Kouli Khan, Indian nabab, the British consul in Shiraz – brother of another nabab met in Tehran
    • Two brothers of his…
      • (meets in Shiraz with two brothers as well. This family came from India where they were depossessed of their possessions by the British)
  • Dr. Fagergrin (1828-1879), Swedish doctor (Conrad Gustaf Ferdinand) (See Encyclopaedia Iranica…)
  • Hassan Abd’Ullah Khan, governor

In Chahpour…

  • Mirza Goulam Hoceim

In Bender Boushir…

  • M. Heward, Armenian doctor
  • Lewis Pelly (1825-1892), Colonel Pelley, British “resident” (the superior officer of the British post)
  • Meyer, captain of a Dutch merchant ship (shipping sugar from the Indies to Persia) (In this context… Tinco wrote a letter to the Dutch minister – of foreign affairs? – suggesting that a consulate would be installed at Bender Boushir)
  • M. Macretitsch, Armenian

In Baghdad…

  • M. Weber, Swiss merchant and banker
  • M. Jaeger, Swiss merchant and banker, associate
  • M. Wartman, Swiss merchant and banker, associate
  • M. Habib, ‘premier commis’ of Weber Jaeger Hartman (Habib was owner of the place where Tinco stayed in Baghdad)
  • M. Tonietti, father-in-law of M. Habib (A. Tonietti?)
  • Pelissier de Reynaud, representative of France (Pierre Auguste?)
  • Colonel Sir Arnold Burrowes Kemball (1820-1908), representative of Britain
  • Marie Joseph de Jesus, priest “des Carmes déchaussés”, marseillais
  • Damien, priest “des Carmes déchaussés”
  • Père Michel, drogman of the Carmes, of an Italian father and an Armenian mother
  • Hanouche Asfar and family, christian, originary from Damascus
    • His wife and her sister
    • His two sons – Djabouri and Rhedzouk
    • Hiw two brothers Giorgi and Jussouf
  • Mustaffa Effendi sol Aghassi, director of the arsenal
  • Omar Agha, adjoint director of the arsenal
  • Mehmed Namik Pasha (1804-1892), viceroy of Baghdad
  • The Syriac archbishop of Baghdad

In Hillah…

  • Soliman Effendi, caimacan (previously mufto of Kirkuk)
  • Hadji Mustapha Bey, commander of the Artillery
  • Nouri Effendi, director of telegraphy

In Kifl (Kiffel)…

  • Cheik Hamzé, brother of the governor (Dareb ebn Abbas)
  • Sons of the Cheik – Hassouni and Abbas

In Kufa / Meshed Ali (Najaf)…

  • Emir Effendi, caimacan
  • The Meschtehed (grand mollah) of the Meshed Ali shrine

In Kerbelah (Karbala)…

  • Mehemet Pasha, caimacam
  • Hadji Charib, owner of Tinco’s house in Kerbelah
  • Ekbal el Daulet, nabab from India, son of the old king of Oude (Wajid Ali Shah, nawab of Awadh)
  • Ilkhani Khan, cousin of Naser ed Din
  • Hadji Abd el Rahman, chief of customs
  • The mousctehed of Imam Hocein, Hadj Mirza Aly Naky

In Musseyib (Musajib)…

  • Soliman Agha, mudir (old slave of Daoud Pacha)

In Khan Skenderieh…

  • Moloud Agha, chief of irregular troops between Baghdad and Kerbelah

In Samarra…

  • Abdul Nagui Agha, mudir
  • Seyid Mehdi, guide

In Baqubah…

  • Ali Reza Effendi, caimacam

In Cheraban (Miqdadiyah)…

  • Mahamet Emir Effendi, mudir (son of a former governor of Baghdad, Aser Pacha)

In Khane Kine (Khanaqin)…

  • Mahamat Beg, caimacam (son of Mahamed Beyglier Beg)

In Kasr e Shirin (Kasr Chirine)…

  • Hassan Khan, governor

In Kirrind (Keren-e Gharb)…

  • Abdoul Hocein Khan, nephew of the governor (Melek Nias Khan, a Kurd)
  • Abbas Kouli Khan, cousin of Abdoul Hocein Khan
  • Kerim Khan, cousin of Abdoul Hocein Khan

In Kermanshah…

  • Seyid Djouab, consul of Turkey at Kermanshah (met 15/06/1867)
  • Hadji Malek Mohamet, property owner (Tinco lodges at his place)
  • The two major mollahs of Kermanshah
  • Mirza Rahim, sundoukdar (treasurer) of the governor
  • Hadji Ghalil, British consul (originary from Baghdad)
  • Emam Qoli Mirza (1814-1875), “Emad-ed-Dowleh I”, Governor of Kermanshah (Tinco meets him when the latter travels Europe in 1873, with Naser ed-Din and Ezz ed Dowleh – see link…)
  • Ali Quli Mirza, Sarim ud-Daula (xxxx-1872) (Ali Qoli Mirza, Sarem od Dowleh, Sar Men ed Dauleh)
  • Murtaza Quli Mirza (xxxx-1905) (Agha Jan, Morteza Kouli Mirza) (avid photographer)

In Bisotun…

  • M. Foul, British, working on the telegraph lines (met on 30/06/1867, at the chapar khaneh of Bisoutoun)

In Sanneh (Sahana)…

  • Mirza Mahamet Moustofi, tax collector

In Kenguewer (Kangavar)…

  • Zein ol Obedin, governor

In Seadet Abad (Sadatabad)…

  • Baba Khan, governor
  • Souleiman Khan, military leader

In Zagha (Zagheh)…

  • Hassan Khan, lord of the village

In Hamadan…

  • Arakel, Armenian priest
  • Eskander, servant of Arakel
  • Paul, Armenian priest in Chavari
  • Amman Ali Khan, brother of Mahmoud Khan, ex-ambassador in London (both met at Charles Allison)
  • Abdosamad Mirza (1843-1929), Ezz ed Dowleh (Tinco meets him when the latter travels Europe in 1873, with Naser ed-Din and Imad ed Dowleh – see link…)
  • Mirza Jaffer Khan, colonel/director of the Persian telegraph system

In Biveran…

  • Hadji Kerim Khan, ketkhoda

In Teheran (second visit)…

  • M. Heussel, French gardener-in-chief at the Golestan
  • Garaman Melhom, an Armenian banker from Tabriz (where Tinco gets money with his semestrial letter of credit)

In Hamadan (second visit)…

Meets again…

  • Arakel
  • Abdosamad Mirza, Ezz ed Dowleh

In Hamekessi (Hameh Kasi)…

  • Mirz Chucher Ullah, khan
  • Mirza Aneat, khan
  • Abldullah, khan
  • Assadog, khan

In Korbeh (Qorveh)…

  • Baba Khan (brother of the ketkhoda)
  • Mahamet Khan, ketkhoda

In Senneh (Sanandaj)…

  • Arabagassi Seyid Jaffer, Turkish consul general
  • Agha Mahomet Taghi, Persian merchant
  • Mollah Abdullah, Kurdish merchant
  • Matran Hennah, Chaldean bishop
  • Matthieu, Chaldean priest
  • Cheik Mahamet ez Rafieh, Dervish chieftain
  • Mirza Sakui Khan, the vali of Senneh (vizir, minister of finance)

In Hadjimeneh…

  • Zabeta Aziz, Kurd

In Halawanèh…

  • Seyid Reza (from Tehran), construction supervisor (building a fortress)
  • Haider Beg, governor of Marivan

In Pindjwin (Penjwen)…

  • Saleh Effendi, Turkish border official
  • Ahmet Beg, mudir (cousin of Mahamet Pacha, the governor of Kerbelah)

In Sulaymaniyah…

  • Abdou Rhaman Beg, Kurdish chief
  • Omer Pacha, governor
  • Mollah Ahmet, mufti
  • Nakieb Seyid Effendi, kadi

In Tshemtshemal (Chamchamal)…

  • Jaffer Beg, commander
  • Jussouf Agha, 2nd commandet
  • Feth Ahmet Beg, mudir

In Kirkuk…

  • Gadja Jussouf, head of a Chaldean family
  • Gajda Mouça, his brother, and Endri (André) his son
  • Taghi Pacha, governor

In Altoun Kupri…

  • Mahmoud Agha, mudir

In Erbil…

  • Mahmoud Beg, mudir
  • Giovani, Italian doctor (the only European in town)
  • Gadja Hennah, christian merchant, living in Encava

In Encava…

  • Koriakos
  • Hennah
  • Michael
  • Jussouf
  • Johannah, priests in Encava

In Mosul…

  • Père Léon, préfet apostolique (Dominican)
  • Père Duval (Marseillais), assistant
  • Lanusse, consul de France (originaire de Latakieh)
  • Lucciana, drogman du consul
  • Kenan Pacha, gouverneur
  • The British consul

In Tell Eskoff (Telskuf)…

  • Kas Mifhael, christian priest

In Raban Ormuz (Elkosh)…

  • Kas Elisha, priest

In Mar Yacoub…

  • The resident priest, a friend of père Duval

In Nimroud…

  • Cheick El-Mansour

Encounters in Syria, Lebanon, the Holy Land, and Turkey (11/67-09/68)

In Djezireh (Cizre, Gazarta, Jazirat)…

  • The mudir of the city

In Nisibin (Nusaybin)…

  • The mudir of the city

In Mardin…

  • Mahamet Kennil, kadi and caimacam of the city

In Diarbekir (Diyarbakir)…

  • Père Giacomo, procurateur du couvent du Père de la Terre Sainte
  • Père Angelo di Pampeluna
  • Dervisch Pacha, gouverneur
  • Agha Beg, attaché of the Persian legation at Constantinople (passing through Diyarbakir with his family, on holiday to Tehran)

In Orfa (Edesse, Sanliurfa)…

  • Armand Martin, vice-consul of France
  • The pacha of Aleppo (during his stay at Orfa) (= Ahmed Cevdet Pasha (1822-18955))

In Aleppo…

  • M. Streiff, Swiss banker
  • M. Zollinger, associate of Streiff (personal note: the name Weber seems to appear here again; it thus makes sense that Habib sent stuff to Aleppo).
    • = Johann Jakob “Jacques” Zollinger (1826, Nanikon – 1901, Haifa)?
  • Mme Gerardi, widow of a levantine-Italian merchant, who rents a house for three months to Tinco
  • The Naoum Sala family, of Venetian origins
  • Doctor Salina and his wife
  • Moise de Picciotto, Dutch consul (also Austria, Denmark, Belgium and Prussia)
  • Moustapha Pacha, highest general of Syria, previously governor of Diarbekir
  • Djefdet Pacha, governor (= Ahmed Cevdet Pasha (1822-1895)) – He left the position on 23/03/1868 to join a new position in the imperial council in Constantinople)
  • James Henry Skene, British consul. His wife is the sister of M. Rangabé, who represented Greece in Paris.
  • Djellal, christian arab
  • Doctor Cozzonis, levantine, personal doctor of Tinco. And his wife and her two sisters, of Greek family, whose mother was a Maurocordato living with them. (The sisters had been raised at Glasgow)
  • Victor Bertrand, French consul
  • M. Marcopoli, Spanish consul
  • The Italian consul and his wife (but very little contact)
  • Albert Poché (1842-1930), Ferdinand Poché and N.N. Poché, austrian merchants (all brothers)
  • M. Dubois d’Angers, a traveller like Tinco
  • The Guardian of the Terres Saintes
  • Iseran de Fonclayez, aka Marie joseph de Saint Jean (about 40 years old, from the Dauphiné)
  • (He missed Namik Pacha who, i the early days of April 1868, had crossed Aleppo at night on his way to his new position as Minister of War in Constantinople)
  • To wish him goodbye from Aleppo, the following people came: Moise de Picciotto, Streiff and Zollinger, the three brothers Poché, Corronis and Naoum Sala, Marcopoli, the guardian des Terres Saintes and marquis de Fonclayez.

In Hatay (Antakya, Antioch)…

  • Père Ludovico, superior of the Capucin convent

In Beilan (Belen)…

  • Gadja Yacoup, protestant Armenian

In Alexandrette (Iskenderun)…

  • Augustine Joseph Catoni, son in law of M. Belfante, Dutch vice-consul

On board of the Volga – from Alexandrette to Beirut (boat of the Messageries Impériales françaises)…

  • Un père carme au retour vers son couvent à Tripoli (coming from Antioch) (he was head of the convent)

In Beirut (first stay)…

  • Père Lievin (1822-1898)
    • Liévin de Hamme, Colleman. He was born at Hamme (Flanders) in 1822. His brother served (round 1860-1870) as papal zouave-soldier. Liévin died at Jerusalem on Sept 23, 1898. He guided Lesseps in 1866. He helped in the discovery of the cubical stone of Bethphage in 1876 and in acquiring the site in 1880. In 1869 appeared at Jerusalem his ‘Guide Indicateur des Lieux saints’. It was in one volume of 698 pages. In 1876 was published at Leuven (Belgium) the 2nd edition in 3 volumes. (Terre Sainte, 1969, p. 322-328) (Source: see page)
    • He spends from May 4 til June 11 permanently with Liévin de Hamme.
  • André Boucopoulos, owner of the Hotel Bellevue
  • Maternal uncle of M. Sayour, the Dutch vice-consul. Also the mother and sister of M. Sayour.
  • La vicomtesse de Rougé
  • Joseph Durighello

In Hamath (Hammat Tiberias)…

  • Caboga de Cerva, Austrian consul in Jeruzalem (family originary from Ragussa)

In Jeruzalem…

  • Antonio, father at Terrae Sanctae (= fra Antonio da Tivoli?)
  • Ladislao d’Ancona, custos?

In Beirut (second stay)…

  • George J. Eldridge (18xx-1890), British consul from 1863-1890
  • C. Rousseau, French consul
  • Sayour, Dutch vice-consul, levantine Greek (Tinco never mentions G. Pfoeffinger, the Ducth consul)

In Damascus…

  • Edward Thomas Rogers, British consul
  • Abd-el-Kader (1808-1883), Algerian politician and exile

In Kara (Qarah)…

  • Mahomet Agha, caimacan

In Homs…

  • Jane Elisabeth Digby (1807-1881)
  • Cheik Midjoel (Sheikh Medjuel el Mezrab)
  • Cheik Youssouf, the brother of Sheikh Medjuel
  • Three lieutenants of the sheikh:
    • Hamout Ebref
    • Midjil Gazan
    • Cheik Missar

In Ebcharreh…

  • Father Antonio, at the convent of Mar Serkis (Saint Serge)
  • Father Angelo
  • Father Ludovico

In Abdemein…

  • Paul Pierre Masad, patriarch of Antioch and the Maronites
  • Father Joseph Debs
  • Father Pierre el Ghouri

In Ghazir…

  • Father Luigi Canuti, rector of the jesuit college

In Deir el Khamar…

  • Franco Pacha, governor (Franku Bey Qusa) – governor since July 1868
  • Nadjeb Bey, prince of the Djumlah family (=Jumblatt family!)
  • Nasim Bey, idem

In Djoun…

  • Em Salim, widow of Ali Gossen, servants of Lady Stanhope (and caretaker of the ruined estate)

In Constantinople…

  • Charles Joseph Keun (1811-1881, drogman of the Dutch embassy (=R.J. Keun in the Gotha)
  • Travers, chancellor of the Dutch embassy (= G.A. Travers)
  • Berg de Middelbourg, Dutch minister (= O.G.J. Berg de Middelburgh)
  • Namik Pacha (his Baghdad protector)


NOTE: By checking the digitized books of Tinco’s travels (courtesy of Gallica/BnF), readers can use search functions to discover the circumstances around all the above encounters.

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