How rich was Tinco Lycklama?

In April 1868, when Tinco Lycklama was in the Middle East, his name appeared in the Staats-Courant – the official bulletin of the Dutch government. Travelling on horseback from Aleppo to Iskenderun (Alexandretta), he suddenly scored the 101st position on the list of the highest taxed residents of the Netherlands.

ddd_010782466_mpeg21_p021_image
Nederlandsche Staats-Courant, 26-04-1868

We can’t yet assess the full extent of Tinco’s wealth. But, the information published in the Staats-Courant gives some good indications. It also requires some clarification.

Back in those days, the members of the “Eerste Kamer” (the equivalent of a senate in the Dutch parliament) were chosen by the “Provinciale Staten” (provincial assemblies). To be eligible, your name had to be on the lists drawn from the “hoogst-aangeslagenen” (highest taxed) in each province. But, only taxes on real estate were taken into account. This system favoured the landed nobility : some people were paying more taxes on other income, but they would not be eligible for the Eerste Kamer if they didn’t own sufficient real estate.

We will examine in detail Tinco’s other sources of income and cash holdings. For now, we’re researching his real estate. We have compiled extracts from the official publications that document the real estate taxes paid by Tinco – and have included those from his father Jan Anne and his brother Augustinus as well. You can find the data on this page…

Jan Anne Lycklama à Nijeholt (1809 - 1891)
Jan Anne Lycklama à Nijeholt (1809 – 1891)

In the year 1861, Tinco’s father Jan Anne Lycklama à Nijeholt (1809-1891) was the 26th highest contributor of real estate taxes in The Netherlands! Interestingly, in 1868, he scores much lower and ends up well below his own son Tinco. This may look odd, as Tinco had spend the previous years abroad – first studying in Paris, and next on his three-and-a-half year voyage through the Orient. The explanation is easy.

Jan Anne starts paying fewer taxes from 1862 onwards. It is important to note that Tinco Lycklama turned 24 the previous year. In The Netherlands, male residents became taxable from that age. Another detail is that, in those days, the legal age for reaching maturity was 23. Since the death of Tinco’s mother, Ypkjen Hillegonda van Eysinga (1816-1854), Tinco’s father was entrusted with the guardianship over the inheritance that she had left to her children – and he paid the taxes. When Tinco reached 23, in 1860, he simply assumed the ownership of his part of the inheritence and then started paying taxes over it a year later. Tinco does not appear on the lists of the “highest taxed” until 1868 because the age of eligibility to the Eerste Kamer was 30.

Hence, Tinco became eligible for the senate in 1868, but was paying taxes since 1862, on property he receiced in full ownership as of 1860.

Tinco Lycklama never cared for being elected to the Eerste Kamer. And, he probably wouldn’t have made it anyway. Even though he was the 101st highest taxed in the country, he ranked ‘only’ 22nd in his own province of Frisia. This province had a disproportionate high number of large landowners – a fact that is deeply rooted in the history of Frisian nobility. Because of the aristocrats’ large landholdings, they became also dominant in the province’s lucrative turf industry in the 19th century. Tinco’s father played a significant role in that industry, and one would assume that Tinco also derived income from turf.

For comparison, here are the numbers of those who paid higher real estate taxes than Tinco across The Netherlands…

  • South-Holland : 41
  • Frisia : 21
  • Gelderland : 18
  • Utrecht : 15
  • North-Holland : 14
  • Zeeland : 7
  • North-Brabant : 4
  • Limburg : 4
  • Drente : 0
  • Groningen : 0

(In the table above, the provinces showing nil obviously had members in the Eerste Kamer, but none of them reached the level of taxation Tinco Lycklama had to pay).

Eysingahuis - undated
Eysingahuis, Beetsterzwaag (NL)

Upon his return from his grand voyage, in 1868, Tinco settled back in his native Beetsterzwaag (but only for a while). In 1867 he acquired full ownership of his mother’s Eysingahuis, shortly after his brother Augustinus Lycklama à Nijeholt (1842-1906) also reached the legal age of maturity. We suspect that the official records will show us that Tinco and Augustinus made an arrangement about this house.

Nineteen years later, in 1887, Tinco Lycklama does not appear any longer on the list of “hoogst-aangeslagenen” in Frisia. Though many newspapers of the 1890s haven’t been digitized, we have those of 1887, 1888 and 1889 – and his name doesn’t appear in any province.

This ‘disappearance’ actually coincides with another event, as Tinco moved his domicile from Frisia to the province of North-Brabant. Which brings up a whole set of other questions.

His last domicile in Friesland was not – as one would expect – at some family property in or near his native Beetsterzwaag. In fact, his official address was at the home of the administrator of his properties, Klaas Willems Wierda (1824-1889), at Fok 27 at Aengwirden (near Heerenveen). He was registered at this address as of 1872 – the year that Tinco moved his museum to Cannes and rented a vast residence there on a permanent basis.

In 1886, the year before Tinco disappears from the lists of highest taxed, he moved his domicile to Teteringen, near Breda (North-Brabant). Here again, the address is awkward. It was a “logement” – a guesthouse for wealthy residents – on the Teteringsedijk. Nothing very permanent either, but it so happens that it is just a stone’s throw away from Oosterhout where his wife Agatha Juliana thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg (1845-1914) was born and raised – and where she must have held real estate.

Tinco Lycklama never had his official domicile in France. Still, he owned property in Cannes and, with Agatha, he engaged in acquisitions and donations there (as he did in The Netherlands). Together with the trail of his Dutch (taxable) properties, these activities may shed more light on Tinco’s wealth – and on what happened with it.

21/08/1875 – Tinco Lycklama got married

Much can be said about Tinco Lycklama’s married life. There is a lot to cover – and even more to discover. We’ll try to stick to the basics. Tinco’s marriage to Juliana Agatha Jacoba, Baroness thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg (1845-1914) definitely marks a turning point in his life. We’ll also briefly cover the love story of Juliana’s parents – who had three children out of wedlock, before marrying and giving birth to Juliana (a story that may explain a few things).

Wedding at Oosterhout

Let’s remember that, by 1875, Tinco was spending most of his time in Cannes (F). Our first trace of Tinco’s presence at the French Riviera dates from November 1869. It was a short stay, as he spends the winter in Beirut (doing some digging in the old Sidon). Upon his return to his native Beetsterzwaag (NL), he takes care of his “collection of curiosities” and his first museum.

However, he kept traveling between Holland and Cannes. Initially, he took his lodgings in the finest hotels (where he meets the best of European aristocracy). However, in 1872, he signs a long-term rental for the splendid Villa Escarras. In that same year, he publishes the first volume of his “Voyage…“, the 2,200 page opus in which he recounts his travels. He becomes a welcome guest in the “high society” of Cannes – known for his good taste and for the splendor of his parties. In 1875, he publishes his fourth (and last) book.

Marriage Record of Tinco and Juliana - Signatures
Signatures of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt and Juliana thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg – on their marriage record of 21/08/1875.

On August 21st, 1875 – a Saturday – he marries Juliana thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg (see marriage record…). Not in Cannes, nor in his native Frisia, but at Oosterhout – a small town in the Dutch province of North Brabant, near the Belgian border. In fact, this is where Juliana was born and grew up in an aristocratic family, which was in the service of the House of Nassau.

North Brabant was (and is) largely Roman Catholic. And so was the Schwartzenberg family. Tinco Lycklama was born into the reformed church, but he converted to catholicism in 1868 (in Jerusalem). Whereas Frisia had predominantly turned protestant over the previous three centuries, the catholic church was deeply rooted and remained very present.

Breda Bishop Palace - Photography by Paul van Galen, Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed - CC-BY-SA-3.0-NL
The Bishop’s Palace at Breda – Photo by Paul van Galen for Rijksdienst  Cultureel Erfgoed (License CC-BY-SA-3.0-NL)

The Frisian Lycklama à Nijeholt family was not averse of catholicism. And, the catholic Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg family was not foreign to Frisia. Originating from Germany, the Schwartzenberg ancestors had first settled in the Dutch north. In fact, the Lycklama and the Schwartzenberg families knew each other very well. Tinco’s grandfather, also called Tinco Martinus Lycklama à Nijeholt (1766-1844), had been married to a Schwartzenberg – just like his great-grandfather Augustinus Lycklama à Nijeholt (1742-1789). For this reason, our Tinco had to obtain dispensation from church authorities.

Dispensation obtained, nothing prevented a marriage between Tinco and Juliana and – as the Dutch catholic newspaper De Tijd reported (see the record at source…) – the marriage took place “with the mutual satisfaction of both families“. The religious marriage was performed by Henricus van Beek (1816-1884), bishop of the diocese of nearby Breda, at his private chapel.

Juliana’s parents

Juliana was a Baroness who had inherited her title (and significant holdings) from her father – Gemme, Baron thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg (1806-1862). Juliana was a rich young lady. She had just turned 30 two months prior to the marriage, and it is quite likely that she had only recently received full authority over her inherited possessions.

We don’t know yet how Tinco and Juliana met – or if they were engaged for some time before the wedding. Both Tinco’s mother and Juliana’s father had died, and none of the surviving parents signed as witnesses to the marriage. In 1867 (while in the Orient), Tinco had inherited full ownership of goods from his deceased mother. The young couple was extremely rich, independent, and nothing was holding them back from enjoying their fortune.

Homs-family-chart
Short pedigree of Tinco Lycklama and Juliana thoe Schwartzenberg

 

Certainly not Juliana’s family. Rumour has it that Juliana’s family had become an ignored branch of the Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg – and even her claims to the title of Baroness were put into doubt. Research in the civil records actually provides us with some interesting clues – about what seems to be a beautiful love story between Juliana’s parents.

Juliana’s mother, Hendrika de Hoogh (1803-1880) was a ‘commoner’. Her father was a forester. In 1834, when Gemme thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg fathered a first child with Hendrika, she was a 31-year old widow raising a 7-year old son (who died young). Interestingly, Gemme did recognize his fathership on the birth record. He did the same with two more daughters born of Hendrika. They married in 1844. It looks as if Gemme had waited respectfully as long as his mother was alive. She died in 1843 (his father had died long before). Upon marrying, Gemme immediately legalized the status of his two surviving daughters. We need more research into Juliana’s immediate family and their activities and possessions in and around Oosterhout. However, the current record trail gives a good indication of the reasons why Juliana (leave alone, her mother) may not have been well considered in the Schwartzenberg family. She had the money, but she simply was not of true blue blood.

Marriage makes a difference

The prospect of marrying a rich, independent – and catholic – young nobleman like Tinco Lycklama must have been appealing to Juliana. Tinco had lived ‘on the wild side’, wrote books, had his own museum, was well respected in aristocratic Cannes… For Juliana, moving to Cannes must have been an exciting prospect – and there she could finally live up to her noble origins without being frowned upon.

For Tinco, married life brought a lot of change. For one, we find no more reports about extravagant parties. Two years later, in 1877, Tinco donates his museum collection to the city of Cannes, and moves with Juliana to smaller premises. In fact, it is reported that they moved to Italy for a while – perhaps for up to two years (we know that he was received in private audience with Pope Leo XIII in Rome – somewhere between 1879-1883).

Coats of Arms - Lycklama and Schwartzenberg - Floor of St Bonifatius Leeuwarden - Courtesy of Susan Kroese
Coat of arms of the Lycklama à Nijeholt (left) and thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg (right). Tiling at the St Bonfatius Church at Leeuwarden (NL)

Upon his return to his villa in Cannes, Tinco keeps an eye on the development of the municipal museum of Cannes, which carried his name. However, from his correspondence with the museum, we understand that he is no longer actively involved.

On the other hand, we see more evidence of donations to catholic works – both in France and The Netherlands. One major project of Tinco and Juliana is the acquisition of what is known today as the Villa Burmania (and currently the seat of the parish of Cannes). Though the villa and its significant lands were acquired in Juliana’s name, the documents carry Tinco’s signature. They transform the villa, build an additional one, and acquire another one on an adjacent parcel of land. This project must have kept them quite busy throughout the nineties. Shortly after Tinco’s death in 1900, Juliana transfers the whole property to the diocese of Nice for a (very) symbolic amount. It was obviously always intended as a major contribution to the parish of Cannes.

 

In the Frisian town of Wolvega, his last resting place, Tinco’s presence can still be felt through his significant donations to the local catholic parish. In the Frisian capital Leeuwarden, it is Juliana who is more widely remembered. Both their coats of arms are encapsulated at the St Bonifatius church, in memory of their generosity.

Tinco and Juliana never had children. It looks that they had no particular incentive to save their money for relatives. They ‘simply’ lived and gave away from their own inherited wealth. Their religion was obviously important to them. We will talk more about all these aspects in the near future.

 

Party Time at Baron Lycklama’s

Tetar van Elven - Bal Travesti chez le baron Lycklama 1874 - Musée de la Castre
“Bal Travesti chez le Baron Lycklama 1874”, by Pierre Tetar van Elven (collection: Musée de la Castre, Cannes)

(Click here to view the painting in high resolution)

Tinco Lycklama had a reputation for organizing great parties at his villa in Cannes. He was definitely an icon of the local ‘high society’.

We know this as a fact before his marriage (1875) with Agatha Juliana thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg. Indeed, we have two formal records about the parties organized by Tinco. One took place in December 1873, the other in February 1874. Below, we give some details about these parties.

There is no doubt that Tinco and his wife continued to be active participants in the social life of Cannes. Newspaper articles indicate their participation in various events. Also, given that Tinco was the city’s great benefactor by offering Cannes its first museum (in 1877), it is obvious that he remained part of the local scene for the rest of his life. But, we have no trace about any further parties organized by the Lycklama. Perhaps Tinco became more “quiet” once married?

Barely two years after marrying (1875), Tinco donated his collection to the municipality in December 1877.   It included not only the thousands of souvenirs, art and other objects from his travels and acquisitions – it also comprised the collection which he bought (in 1874) from the estate of the late Edmond Ginoux de la Coche (including unique artifacts from Oceania and Pre-Columbian art – now all visible at the Musée de la Castre). (For background on Edmond Ginoux de La Coche (1811-1870), see Wikipedia…).

That same year, they moved from the (large) Villa Escarras on the current rue de Latour-Maubourg to another Villa Escarras on the old chemin des Tignes. We also know that the young couple started to travel extensively, notably to Italy, in the subsequent years, and thus spent little time at their new villa. And, indeed, by the end of 1881, they move to a new home on the Chemin de St Nicolas.

So, whereas the bachelor Tinco was previously holding lavish parties in the splendor of the Villa Escarras and surrounded by his collection, his later domicile – and marriage – were probably far more moderate (for what that means for these young rich aristocrats).

The illustration above concerns the second party, held in February 1874. The painting (from the collection of the Musée de la Castre at Cannes) is by Pierre Tetar van Elven (1828-1908), a Dutch painter and personal friend of Tinco. Pierre was an avid traveler himself; though little is (currently) documented about his life, we know that he traveled through North Africa and also accompanied Tinco’s secretary Ernest Massenot on a trip to Beirut (this trip actually took place between the two recorded parties at the Villa Escarras).


Chronology and details (information may evolve)

09/12/1873 (Tuesday) – Party at the Amphitryon of the Villa Escarras.

  • Details (Quoted in Courier de Cannes 11/12/1873. and 14/12/1873)
    • Musicians: a double quatuor, including
      • M. Houdsorn (sic, is Antoine Oudshoorn), violoncellist (who played with the orchestra of Monte Carlo), solo  violoncellist of the King of The Netherlands
      • M. Hasselmann (sic, is Alphonse Hasselmans), violoncellist/harpist, “de la chapelle du baron Von der Vles”
      • Stiel, violon solo de la chapelle du baron von der Vles
      • Charles Dupart, piano
    • Plant arrangements: M. Martichon ( = Leopold Martichon, born at Le Luc in 1838/39)
  • Participants (as quoted on 23/11/1971, see source…)
    • Chevalier de Colquhoum
    • Comte et comtesse de Kergolay-Maubourg
    • Baronne de Lockhorst
    • Lady Talbot
    • Mme Tripet-Skipytzine
    • Comte d’Esprès
    • Comtesse de Bernis
    • Lady Franck
    • Lady Haygate
    • Comte de la Ferrière
    • Chevalier de Saint-Chéron
    • Comtes de Labédoyère
    • Comte et comtesse du Passage
    • Lady Ridell
    • Comte de Wimpfen
    • Mme de Bruchard
    • Comte Sterky
    • Mme Barbe-Patterson
    • M. Lucq

16/02/1874 (Monday) – Party at Villa Lycklama (painted by Pierre Tetar van Elven)

  • Details (quoted in Les Echos de Cannes 21/02/1874)
    • Orchestra: Orchestre du Cercle Nautique, led by Monsieur Brick ( = Paul Brick (1820-1881))
    • Buffet : La maison Nègre (Joseph Nègre, de Grasse)
    • Service auxiliaire: dirigé par Louis Richard, premier maître d’hôtel du Grand Hôtel de Cannes
  • Participants
    • Over 200 participants – see Les Echos de Cannes 21/02/1874

 

Life Chronology (1837-1900)

(A few political events are added in order to provide context that may have had influence on the course of the life of Tinco Lycklama)
1837
1838

(October 1853 – March 1856 : Crimean War between Russia and an alliance of France, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, and Sardinia. A loss for Russia)
1854
  • 27/03/1854 – Death of Tinco’s mother, IJpkjen Hillegonda van Eijsinga (1815-1854) (see record…)
  • Enrolls as student at the university of Utrecht (see source… – records to be verified). He studied for about two years geography, history and ancient languages (Arabic and Persian) (Source : Jacques Juillet, “Annales de la Société Historique et Littéraire de Cannes)”, 1994)
1855
1856
  • 10/09/1856 – Enrolls at the university of Groningen as a law student (see source… – primary data at Universiteitsmuseum, at the University of Groningen))
    • Member of student association Vidicat atque Polit as of 09/09/1856
    • Tinco Lycklama participates in various student bodies until and including at least the year 1860
    • Lycklama appears for the last time in the student registers in 1861.
1857
1858
1859
1860
  • Stays at Geneva, where he studies Italian (source: Ernst Huisman)
1861
  • 28/02/1861 – Registration at Beetsterzwaag, coming from Groningen (source Ernst Huisman – to be verified)
  • Summer of 1861 : stays in Germany
1862
  • Travels to Florence, Milan, Venice, Genoa. His portrait at the Lycklamastins in Wolvega was painted at that time in Florence, by the artist Riedronski (source: Ernst Huisman)
  • Travels to south of France to study the remains of Roman site (Arles, Nimes, Avignon
  • Spends the summer in London and Switzerland
  • Autumn travels to Genua, Northern Italy and southern Switzerland
  • Studies Arabic in Paris (see source… – records to be verified)

1863

  • Travels to Algiers, Tunis, Malta, Naples and Rome
  • Returns to Algiers to study Arabic

1864

  • Summer in Switzerland
  • Autumn on Mallorca
  • Winter in Paris. Studies with a Syriac teacher to perfect his Arabic.
1865
  • April 1865 – Tinco embarks from Paris on his “Voyage”, via Russia (see Voyage…)
1866 – Voyage
1867 – Voyage
1868
1869
  • Summer of 1869 in Paris and the Pyrennees
  • 08/10/1869 : Departure from Marseille for Syria. Arrives in Beirut on 22/10/1969
    • Notes…
      • 11/1869 : In week prior to 14/11/1869, arrival in Cannes of Jan Anna Lycklama à Nijeholt and “H.” Lycklama à Nijeholt, staying at the Hotel de la Plage. (Reported by Revue de Cannes, see source…). Arrival at the same time of Baron Hoevell-Nijenhuis, chamberlain of the King of The Netherlands, staying at Hotel Beau Rivage)
      • 11/1869 : In week prior to 28/11/1869, “le Chevalier Lycklama arrives in Cannes, staying at Hotel de France (reported by Revue de Cannes, see source…)
1870
  • 04/03/1870 – Departure from Beyrouth, on an expedition to Saïda (see source…). Accompanied by his secretary Ernest Massenot and the Marquis Henricus de Fonclayer (a Lazarist priest living in the Lebanon) . (see source…)
  • 02/04/1870 – Departure for Egypt. Visits Caïro and the Suez Canal
  • 26/04/1870 – Writes from Alexandria, Egypt
  • 11/05/1870 – Writes from Marseille, France
  • 25/05/1870 – Writes from Paris. He rents an apartment opposite the Jardin du Luxembourg, for three years
  • 26/05/1870 – Leaves for a short visit to Beetsterzwaag
    • (July 1870 – May 1871: Franco-Prussian war – lost by France, followed by the Paris Commune)
    • NOTE – This is speculation, but it is likely that Tinco was not able to return to Paris given the outbreak of the war and Paris Commune.
  • The archives of the prominit Dutch architect Pierre Cuypers report the installation of an “Oriental Museum” for Tinco Lycklama in 1870, in Beetsterzwaag. Given the chronology, this must have happened in the second half of 1870.
1871
  • 01/1871 – Opening of Lycklama’s “Museum of Antiquities and Oriental Art” in Beetsterzwaag
1872
  • 12/06/1872 : Tinco becomes a member (“membre titulaire résident”) of the Société des Sciences Naturelles et Historiques, des Lettres et des Beau-Arts de Cannes (source : Mémoires de la Société, Tome IV, 1874)
  • 01/09/1872 – Closure of the Lycklama Museum at the Eysingahuis, Beetsterzwaag (see source…)
  • In 1872, Tinco’s formal domicile in The Netherlands is established at Aengwirden, address Fok 27.
  • Publication of Volume I of Tinco Lycklama’s “Voyage”.

1873
  • 24/03/1873 – Opening of the Lycklama Museum at Villa Escarras (at the current rue Latour-Maubourg)
    • As reported in Les Echos de Cannes on 16/03/1873, the museum would open its doors to the public on Mondays and Thurdays, on simple demand to the curator of the museum, Ernest Massenot (see source…)
  • Spring 1873 – Publication of Volume II of Tinco Lycklama’s “Voyage”.
  • July – Meets with Naser al-Din Shah in Paris. Also meets…
    • Emam Qoli Mirza (1814-1875), “Emad-ed-Dowleh I”, uncle of the shah
    • Abd-al-Samad Mirza, “Ezz-al-Dawla” (1843-1929) – brother of the shah
  • December 1873 – Ernest Massenot, curator of the Lycklama Museum, leaves for Syria to recover objects that had been stuck in transit. Artist Pierre Tetar van Elven accompanies Massenot. (Courrier de Cannes, 14/12/1873, see source…)
1874
  • Publication of Volume III of Tinco Lycklama’s “Voyage”.
  • 02/06/1874 (Tuesday) – Tinco travels from Cannes to The Netherlands, with a stop in England (Courrier de Cannes, 04/06/1874, see source…)
  • Between 08-25/10/1874 – Tinco returns to Villa Escarras, Cannes (Courrier de Cannes, see source…)
1875
1876
1877
  • Tinco Lycklama moves from the Villa Escarras (on the current rue Latour Maubourg) to the Villa Lycklama (previously called Villa Bressane, later also named Villa Eritia) at the chemin des Tignes).
  • Between 15-22/10/1877 – Tinco returns to Villa Lycklama (Escarras), Cannes (Courrier de Cannes, 28/10/1877, see source…)
  • 27/12/1877 – Donation of his collection to the municipality of Cannes (sources digitzed, publication follows)
1878
  • 06/01/1878 – Courrier de Cannes reports Tinco Lycklama’s donation of his museum to the city of Cannes. The museum’s object are valued at 400,000 French Francs (equivalent of +/- 1.5 million euro?) (see source…)
  • 14/04/1878 – Opening of the Lycklama Museum at the Town Hall, Cannes. 1,200 visitors (Courrier de Cannes, 21/04/1878, see source…)
  • Tinco visits the Exposition Universelle of 1878 in Paris, where he buys a wooden chapel to be installed at the cemetery at Wolvega (NL)
1880
  • 19/04/1880 – Hendrica de Hoogh, the mother of Tinco’s wife, dies at her home at Breda (see record…)
  • October 1880 – Arrival of Tinco and spouse in Cannes, at Villa Lycklama (Les Echos de Cannes, 24/10/1880, see source…)
1881
  • 10/03/1881 – Acquisition of Villa Jeanne d’Arc through notary Gazagnaire (renamed Villa Lycklama, at current rue Lycklama with main entrance on the chemin St Nicolas). This house was the sole property of Tinco. (Records to be identified)
  • 06/06/1881 – Les Echos de Cannes reports the construction plans of the Foncière Lyonnaise regarding the new long avenue (today’s boulevard Carnot). The plans specify that some construction will traverse the Villa Lycklama. (See source…) (More precision in Les Echos de Cannes on 05/12/1882)
  • November 1881 – Arrival of Tinco and spouse in Cannes, at Villa Lycklama (Les Echos de Cannes, 20/11/1881, see source…)
1883
  • Between 15-25/11/1883 – Arrival of Tinco and spouse in Cannes, at Villa Lycklama (Les Echos de Cannes, 02/12/1883, see source…)
1884
  • November 1884 – Arrival of Tinco and spouse in Cannes, at Villa Lycklama (Les Echos de Cannes, 23/11/1884, see source…)
1885
  • 26/09/1885 – At Beetsterzwaag, Tinco drafts his “last wish” before notary Jan Frederik Ninaber (of Heerenveen)
1886
  • Between 27/06-03/07/1886 – Tinco and spouse leave Cannes for Contrexéville (F) (Les Echos de Cannes, 04/07/1886, see source…)
  • 14/10/1886 – Registration (with his wife) at Teteringen (NL) – coming from Aengwirden (NL) (see record…)
  • October 1886 – Arrival of Tinco and spouse in Cannes, at Villa Lycklama (Les Echos de Cannes, 31/10/1886, see source…)
  • 01/12/1886 – Tinco and spouse participate in a requiem mass at the chapelle Saint Roch, to honour the deceased duchesse de Vallombrosa (Les Echos de Cannes, 05/12/1886, see source…)
1887
1888
1889
  • 20/01/1889 – Courrier de Cannes announces that the Lycklama Museum will be moved from the 3rd floor in the Cannes Town Hall to its ground floor (at the location of the former “Café de la Paix” (see source…)
  • Tinco Lycklama and his wife rent an appartment at 96, avenue de Neuilly in Paris, for the duration of the Exposition Universelle of 1889.
1890
1891
  • 19/04/1891 – Death of Tinco’s father, Jan Anne Lycklama à Nijeholt (1809-1891) (see record…)
  • 06/08/1891 – Acquisition of Villa “Lycklama” in Cannes (at current route de Vallauris) via notary Terris. Sole property of spouse.
  • 14/10/1891 – Acquisition of “Villa della Rocca” (became “Villa Burmania”) in Cannes (Prado). Sole property of spouse. Reported by notary Terris in Courrier de Cannes, 30/11/1891 (see source…)
1892
  • Moves from Villa Lycklama (rue Lycklama) to Villa Burmania (route de Vallauris)
  • 12/07/1892 – Tinco makes generous gift to the library of the Municipality of Cannes, as reported by Courrier de Cannes, see source…)
1893
  • 13/06/1893 – Acquisition of Villa “Eritia” in Cannes. Sole property of spouse.
  • 16/10/1893 – Courrier de Cannes reports that Tinco and his wife have arrived at their villa in the quartier St Nicolas (Villa Lycklama (Jeanne d’Arc)) (see source…)
1894
  • September 1894 – A conflict opposes Tinco Lycklama and the municipality of Cannes, regarding the state of the Lycklama Museum and a portrait of Tinco in particular. This is related in Courrier de Cannes on 15/09/1894 (see source…)
1895
1896
1897
  • 22/06/1897 – Courrier de Cannes reports the gift by Tinco to the Lycklama Museum of eight large paintings – including seven Persian paintings and the Pierre Tetar van Elven painting “Réception et bal travesti dans les salons du baron de Lycklama, février 1874”. (see source…)
1898
  • Moves from Villa Burmania (route de Vallauris) to Villa Lycklama (rue Lycklama)
1899
1900
Post Mortem

New articles to appear soon…

In this section, we’ll publish articles that highlight moments of Tinco’s life.

If you wish to contribute an article, please don’t hesitate to get in touch.

Dans cette partie du site, nous publierons des articles qui mettent en valeur des moments de la vie de Tinco. Si vous souhaitez contribuer, n’hésitez pas de nous contacter.

In dit onderdeel van de site publiceren we artikels die het leven van Tinco in kaart brengen. Indien u een bijdrage wilt leveren, neemt dan graag contact met ons op.