Records of Taxation (“hoogst-aangeslagenen”) – 1852-1900 – Tinco Lycklama and his father and brother

This page delivers extracts from official publications, showing the names of the “hoogst-aangeslagenen” (literally, “highest taxed“) in the province of Frisia, in The Netherlands – between 1852 and 1900. The status of “hoogst-aangeslagene” refers to the payment of real estate taxes only. This status was used to determine those (male) persons eligible for a seat in the “Eerste Kamer” (senate) of the Dutch Parliament – at a time when the “Provinciale Staten” (provincial assemblies) had to elect senators from this list of “hoogst-aangeslagenen”.

These lists were published in the Staats-Courant, the official government bulletin, and were republished by the most important newspapers in the provinces (in Friesland, this was the Leeuwarder Courant). The information provided gives the level of taxes as well as the location of the real estate properties on which these taxes were levied. It must be noted that this does not reflect the total tax situation of these individuals, as their income from employment or trade was covered by other taxes.

Below follows the status of “hoogst-aangeslagene” for…

  • Tinco Martinus Lycklama à Nijeholt (1837-1900)
  • Jan Anne Lycklama à Nijeholt (1809-1891) – his father
  • Augustinus Lycklama à Nijeholt (1842-1906) – his brother

Currenly missing in this inventory are

  • The status for all three between 1890-1900
  • For Tinco : the status in 1870, 1876 and 1887-1889
  • For Jan Anne : the status in 1864, 1876 and 1888
  • For Augustinus : the status in 1876 and 1888

 

Tinco Martinus Lycklama à Nijeholt (1837-1900)

1861 = NO

1862 = NO

1863 = NO

1864 = NO

1865 = NO

1866 = NO

1867 = NO

 

ddd_010782466_mpeg21_p021_image
Nederlandsche staatscourant, 26-04-1868
ddd_010791603_mpeg21_p027_image
Nederlandsche staatscourant, 21-05-1869

Missing – 1870

ddd_010586110_mpeg21_p009_image
Leeuwarder courant, 02-05-1871
ddd_010586268_mpeg21_p009_image
Leeuwarder courant, 05-05-1872
ddd_010586424_mpeg21_p010_image
Leeuwarder courant, 04-05-1873
ddd_010586592_mpeg21_p008_image (1)
Leeuwarder courant, 31-05-1874
ddd_010586734_mpeg21_p012_image
Leeuwarder courant, 02-05-1875

Missing : 1876

ddd_010586924_mpeg21_p012_image
Leeuwarder courant, 29-04-1877
ddd_010587089_mpeg21_p013_image
Leeuwarder courant, 19-05-1878
ddd_010587291_mpeg21_p011_image
Leeuwarder courant, 05-05-1879
ddd_010587597_mpeg21_p009_image
Leeuwarder courant, 01-05-1880
ddd_010587906_mpeg21_p009_image
Leeuwarder courant, 05-05-1881
ddd_010588217_mpeg21_p009_image
Leeuwarder courant, 06-05-1882
ddd_010588521_mpeg21_p009_image
Leeuwarder courant, 03-05-1883
ddd_010588829_mpeg21_p015_image
Leeuwarder courant, 02-05-1884
ddd_010589155_mpeg21_p013_image
Leeuwarder courant, 25-05-1885
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Leeuwarder courant, 08-05-1886

NOT MENTIONED IN 1887

NOT MENTIONED IN 1893


 

Jan Anne Lycklama à Nijeholt (1809-1891)

ddd_010787070_mpeg21_p005_image
Nederlandsche staatscourant, 10-06-1852
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Leeuwarder courant, 03-05-1853
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Nederlandsche staatscourant, 28-05-1854
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Nederlandsche staatscourant, 28-04-1855
ddd_010584463_mpeg21_p010_image
Leeuwarder courant, 29-04-1856
ddd_010584567_mpeg21_p009_image
Leeuwarder courant, 28-04-1857
ddd_010584679_mpeg21_p008_image
Leeuwarder courant, 01-06-1858
ddd_010584784_mpeg21_p008_image
Leeuwarder courant, 07-06-1859
ddd_010584885_mpeg21_p007_image
Leeuwarder courant, 29-05-1860
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Nederlandsche staatscourant – 25/05/1861
ddd_010790214_mpeg21_p010_image
Nederlandsche staatscourant – 24/05/1862
ddd_010790661_mpeg21_p024_image
Nederlandsche staatscourant – 01/05/1863

Missing : 1864

ddd_010790995_mpeg21_p024_image
Nederlandsche staatscourant – 01/06/1865
ddd_010782331_mpeg21_p069_image
Nederlandsche staatscourant, 18-05-1866
ddd_010585615_mpeg21_p009_image
Leeuwarder courant, 28-05-1867
ddd_010782466_mpeg21_p023_image
Nederlandsche staatscourant, 26-04-1868

+++++

ddd_010782466_mpeg21_p024_image
Nederlandsche staatscourant, 26-04-1868
ddd_010791585_mpeg21_p060_image
Nederlandsche staatscourant, 28-04-1869
ddd_010586110_mpeg21_p010_image
Leeuwarder courant, 02-05-1871
ddd_010586268_mpeg21_p010_image
Leeuwarder courant, 05-05-1872
ddd_010586424_mpeg21_p011_image
Leeuwarder courant, 04-05-1873
ddd_010586592_mpeg21_p009_image
Leeuwarder courant, 31-05-1874
ddd_010586734_mpeg21_p012_image (2)
Leeuwarder courant, 02-05-1875

Missing : 1876

ddd_010586924_mpeg21_p011_image
Leeuwarder courant, 29-04-1877
ddd_010587089_mpeg21_p011_image
Leeuwarder courant, 19-05-1878

+++

ddd_010587089_mpeg21_p012_image

ddd_010587291_mpeg21_p009_image
Leeuwarder courant, 05-05-1879
ddd_010587597_mpeg21_p007_image
Leeuwarder courant, 01-05-1880
ddd_010587906_mpeg21_p007_image
Leeuwarder courant, 05-05-1881
ddd_010588217_mpeg21_p007_image
Leeuwarder courant, 06-05-1882

+++++

ddd_010588217_mpeg21_p008_image

ddd_010588521_mpeg21_p007_image
Leeuwarder courant, 03-05-1883
ddd_010588829_mpeg21_p013_image
Leeuwarder courant, 02-05-1884
ddd_010589137_mpeg21_p007_image
Leeuwarder courant, 04-05-1885
ddd_010589449_mpeg21_p007_image
Leeuwarder courant, 08-05-1886
ddd_010589754_mpeg21_p007_image
Leeuwarder courant, 04-05-1887

Missing : 1888

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Leeuwarder courant, 18-05-1889

 


Augustinus Lycklama à Nijeholt (1842-1906)

ddd_010586424_mpeg21_p009_image
Leeuwarder courant, 04-05-1873
ddd_010586592_mpeg21_p008_image
Leeuwarder courant, 31-05-1874
ddd_010586734_mpeg21_p012_image (1)
Leeuwarder courant, 02-05-1875
ddd_010590387_mpeg21_p010_image
Leeuwarder courant, 18-05-1889
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Party Time at Baron Lycklama’s

Tetar van Elven - Bal Travesti chez le baron Lycklama 1874 - Musée de la Castre
“Bal Travesti chez le Baron Lycklama 1874”, by Pierre Tetar van Elven (collection: Musée de la Castre, Cannes)

(Click here to view the painting in high resolution)

Tinco Lycklama had a reputation for organizing great parties at his villa in Cannes. He was definitely an icon of the local ‘high society’.

We know this as a fact before his marriage (1875) with Agatha Juliana thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg. Indeed, we have two formal records about the parties organized by Tinco. One took place in December 1873, the other in February 1874. Below, we give some details about these parties.

There is no doubt that Tinco and his wife continued to be active participants in the social life of Cannes. Newspaper articles indicate their participation in various events. Also, given that Tinco was the city’s great benefactor by offering Cannes its first museum (in 1877), it is obvious that he remained part of the local scene for the rest of his life. But, we have no trace about any further parties organized by the Lycklama. Perhaps Tinco became more “quiet” once married?

Barely two years after marrying (1875), Tinco donated his collection to the municipality in December 1877.   It included not only the thousands of souvenirs, art and other objects from his travels and acquisitions – it also comprised the collection which he bought (in 1874) from the estate of the late Edmond Ginoux de la Coche (including unique artifacts from Oceania and Pre-Columbian art – now all visible at the Musée de la Castre). (For background on Edmond Ginoux de La Coche (1811-1870), see Wikipedia…).

That same year, they moved from the (large) Villa Escarras on the current rue de Latour-Maubourg to another Villa Escarras on the old chemin des Tignes. We also know that the young couple started to travel extensively, notably to Italy, in the subsequent years, and thus spent little time at their new villa. And, indeed, by the end of 1881, they move to a new home on the Chemin de St Nicolas.

So, whereas the bachelor Tinco was previously holding lavish parties in the splendor of the Villa Escarras and surrounded by his collection, his later domicile – and marriage – were probably far more moderate (for what that means for these young rich aristocrats).

The illustration above concerns the second party, held in February 1874. The painting (from the collection of the Musée de la Castre at Cannes) is by Pierre Tetar van Elven (1828-1908), a Dutch painter and personal friend of Tinco. Pierre was an avid traveler himself; though little is (currently) documented about his life, we know that he traveled through North Africa and also accompanied Tinco’s secretary Ernest Massenot on a trip to Beirut (this trip actually took place between the two recorded parties at the Villa Escarras).


Chronology and details (information may evolve)

09/12/1873 (Tuesday) – Party at the Amphitryon of the Villa Escarras.

  • Details (Quoted in Courier de Cannes 11/12/1873. and 14/12/1873)
    • Musicians: a double quatuor, including
      • M. Houdsorn (sic, is Antoine Oudshoorn), violoncellist (who played with the orchestra of Monte Carlo), solo  violoncellist of the King of The Netherlands
      • M. Hasselmann (sic, is Alphonse Hasselmans), violoncellist/harpist, “de la chapelle du baron Von der Vles”
      • Stiel, violon solo de la chapelle du baron von der Vles
      • Charles Dupart, piano
    • Plant arrangements: M. Martichon ( = Leopold Martichon, born at Le Luc in 1838/39)
  • Participants (as quoted on 23/11/1971, see source…)
    • Chevalier de Colquhoum
    • Comte et comtesse de Kergolay-Maubourg
    • Baronne de Lockhorst
    • Lady Talbot
    • Mme Tripet-Skipytzine
    • Comte d’Esprès
    • Comtesse de Bernis
    • Lady Franck
    • Lady Haygate
    • Comte de la Ferrière
    • Chevalier de Saint-Chéron
    • Comtes de Labédoyère
    • Comte et comtesse du Passage
    • Lady Ridell
    • Comte de Wimpfen
    • Mme de Bruchard
    • Comte Sterky
    • Mme Barbe-Patterson
    • M. Lucq

16/02/1874 (Monday) – Party at Villa Lycklama (painted by Pierre Tetar van Elven)

  • Details (quoted in Les Echos de Cannes 21/02/1874)
    • Orchestra: Orchestre du Cercle Nautique, led by Monsieur Brick ( = Paul Brick (1820-1881))
    • Buffet : La maison Nègre (Joseph Nègre, de Grasse)
    • Service auxiliaire: dirigé par Louis Richard, premier maître d’hôtel du Grand Hôtel de Cannes
  • Participants
    • Over 200 participants – see Les Echos de Cannes 21/02/1874

 

From Heerenveen to Cannes: The trail of Tinco’s last wish.

On 26 September, 1885, Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt is at Beetsterzwaag (NL) – the town where he was born and raised. Tinco drafts his “last wish” in the presence of notary Jan Frederik Ninaber, from Heerenveen (NL). This testament concerns essentially his wife Juliana Agatha Jacoba thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg, as well as the city of Cannes (F). This happens ten years after his marriage, and fifteen years before his death. As we will see, the document ends up with notary M.A.J. Verkouteren, successor to notary Ninaber at Heerenveen.

In the event of Tinco’s death, the “last wish” makes provisions for his movable and immovable properties, as well as for a collection of seven Qajar paintings and his library.

In the following documents (residing in the collection of the Archives Municipales de Cannes), we see the trail of the document. Shortly after Tinco’s death (which occurred 7 December 1900, at his villa in Cannes), notary Verkouteren informs the city of Cannes of the existence of this last will, and inquires whether the city requests a copy. This inquiry is in Dutch, and (in the margin of the document) an assistant to the mayor instructs M. Bernard, Vice-Consul of The Netherlands, to provide an official translation. Next, Vice-Consul Bernard obliges and provides us with the French version of Verkouteren’s letter. On 31 December 1900, notary Verkouteren delivers a certified extract of Tinco’s “last wish”. After reception in Cannes, this document is translated into French by Vice-Consul Bernard.

Hereunder, we provide images of these documents. At the bottom, we provide our own (uncertified) English translation of the will.


 

Letter of notary Verkouteren to the city of Cannes…

19-12-1900 - Letter of notary M.A.J. Verkouteren from Heerenveen to the City of Cannes
19/12/1900. Letter of notary M.A.J. Verkouteren from Heerenveen to the city of Cannes.

(The note in French in the margin is by an assistant to the mayor of Cannes, instructing Vice-Consul Bernard to provide a certified translation)

Traduction de la lettre du notaire Verkouteren addressée à la mairie de Cannes…

29-12-1900 - Translation of the Verkouteren letter by Vice-Consul Bernard in Cannes - Pages 4-1
29/12/1900 – French translation of notary Verkouteren’s letter, by Vice-Consul Bernard in Cannes. (Pages 4-1 of 4)
29-12-1900 - Translation of the Verkouteren letter by Vice-Consul Bernard in Cannes - Pages 2-3
29/12/1900 – French translation of notary Verkouteren’s letter, by Vice-Consul Bernard in Cannes. (Pages 2-3 of 4)

Extract of the olographic “Last Wish” of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt (in Dutch, see translation below)…

26-09-1885 - Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt - Notorized transcription by M.A.J. Verkouteren of 32-12-1900 - Page 1 of 4
Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt (1837-1900) at Beetsterzwaag, 26/09/1885. Certified transcription by notary M.A.J. Verkouteren at Heerenveen, 31/12/1900. Page 1 of 4.
26-09-1885 - Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt - Notorized transcription by M.A.J. Verkouteren of 32-12-1900 - Page 2 of 4
Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt (1837-1900) at Beetsterzwaag, 26/09/1885. Certified transcription by notary M.A.J. Verkouteren at Heerenveen, 31/12/1900. Page 2 of 4.
26-09-1885 - Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt - Notorized transcription by M.A.J. Verkouteren of 32-12-1900 - Pages 3-4 of 4
Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt (1837-1900) at Beetsterzwaag, 26/09/1885. Certified transcription by notary M.A.J. Verkouteren at Heerenveen, 31/12/1900. Pages 3-4 of 4.

 

Traduction des “Dernières volontés” olographiques de Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt (traduction certifiée par le vice-consul des Pays-Bas à Cannes, M. Bernard…

26-09-1885 - Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt - Notorized transcription by M.A.J. Verkouteren of 32-12-1900 - Translation by Vice-Consul Bernard at Cannes - Pages 4-1 of 4
31/12/1900 – Certified translation of the extract by notary Verkouteren of the olographic “last wish” of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt (Translation by the Vice-Consul in Cannes, M. Bernard) (Pages 4-1 of 4)
26-09-1885 - Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt - Notorized transcription by M.A.J. Verkouteren of 32-12-1900 - Translation by Vice-Consul Bernard at Cannes - Pages 2-3 of 4
31/12/1900 – Certified translation of the extract by notary Verkouteren of the olographic “last wish” of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt (Translation by the Vice-Consul in Cannes, M. Bernard) (Pages 2-3 of 4)

Translation of the extract of Tinco Lycklama’s “Last Wish”…


 

[Page I]

Extract

Olographic Last Wish

of Esquire Tinco Martinus Lycklama à Nijeholt, deceased at Cannes on 7 December 1900.

d.d. 28 September 1885

Office of notary M.A.J. Verkouteren at Heerenveen

I

[Page 2]

This is my final wish.

I recall all previous testaments made by me.

I, etcetera,

I leave the usufruct of my movable and immovable properties to my spouse lady Juliana Agatha Jacoba Lycklama à Nijeholt, born Baroness thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg, for the remainder of her life, with dispensation of the obligation to deposit a guarantee, and such until remarriage.

I, etcetera,

I donate my seven Persian paintings, representing two Persian princesses, daughters of King Abbas the Great, a Persian prince from the house of Fath-Ali-Chah, and four views from the gardens of the Tsharbagh at Isfahan, to the Lycklama museum, belonging to the city of Cannes.

I also donate to the city of Cannes my library, all books, plates and beautiful editions, except for some books that my spouse may wish to keep in her possession.

All, etcetera,

[Page 3]

I donate to private possession, free of succession rights, to my spouse all copies of my book Voyage en Russie, au Caucase, en Perse, etc. par T.M. Chev. Lycklama à Nijeholt, which are still in my library in Cannes. I, etcetera,

Beetsterzwaag twenty six Sept. 1885.

————-T.M. Lycklama à Nijeholt.————–

The Receiver of Registration of Berlekom

Heerenveen 13 December 1900.

Registered at Heerenveen thirteen December nineteen hundred, volume 16 folio 24 verso section 6. Two pages no claim. Received as rights three guilders sixty cents.

The Receiver of Berlekom.

Delivered as literally corresponding extract, thirty first of December nineteen hundred, at the request of the city of Cannes – of the olographic final wish of Esquire Tinco Martinus Lycklama à Nijeholt (deceased at Cannes on seventh December nineteen hundred) deposited

[Page 4]

with the notary Jan Frederik Ninaber, established at Heerenveen, as evidenced by the record of deposition of twenty eight September eighteen hundred eighty five – by me, Marius Adrianus Johannes Verkouteren, notary at Heerenveen, successor to previously named notary Jan Frederik Ninaber and keeper of his original records.

[signed Verkouteren]

[stamped Verkouteren and Archives de la Ville de Cannes)

 

 

 

 

Tinco’s Olographic Last Wish – 26/09/1885, Beetsterzwaag

26-09-1885 - Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt - Notorized transcription by M.A.J. Verkouteren of 32-12-1900 - Page 1 of 4
Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt (1837-1900) at Beetsterzwaag, 26/09/1885. Certified transcription by notary M.A.J. Verkouteren at Heerenveen, 31/12/1900. Page 1 of 4.
26-09-1885 - Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt - Notorized transcription by M.A.J. Verkouteren of 32-12-1900 - Page 2 of 4
Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt (1837-1900) at Beetsterzwaag, 26/09/1885. Certified transcription by notary M.A.J. Verkouteren at Heerenveen, 31/12/1900. Page 2 of 4.
26-09-1885 - Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt - Notorized transcription by M.A.J. Verkouteren of 32-12-1900 - Pages 3-4 of 4
Olographic Last Wish of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt (1837-1900) at Beetsterzwaag, 26/09/1885. Certified transcription by notary M.A.J. Verkouteren at Heerenveen, 31/12/1900. Pages 3-4 of 4.

 

(Collection Archives Municipales de Cannes. Direct link to map at the Archives)

Letter to Jean Macé – 15/06/1872

Manuscript letter to Jean Macé - 15 June 1872

Manuscript letter addressed to Jean Macé, of the Société des Sciences in Cannes. In this letter, Tinco Lycklama thanks Macé for accepting him as a titular member of the society. He joins a copy of the first volume of his travel writings (“Voyages…”), but apologizes for the bad quality and many mistakes. He announces a new print run in July and promises a new copy. He also joins a copy of the catalogue of his museum in The Netherlands. Finally, he also joins a few “musical works”.

(Reference 2R44 at the Archives Municipales de Cannes – see at source…)

Catalogue du Musée Lycklama – 27/06/1887

Catalogue du Musée Lycklama - 1887

Manuscript catalogue of the “Musée Lycklama” and an accompanying letter, written by the curator of the museum on 27 June 1887 – addressed to the mayor of Cannes – Eugène Gazagnaire.

Consult the catalogue in this document… Catalogue du Musée Lycklama – 27 June 1887

(Read the catalogue at source… – Reference 2R44 at the Archives Municipales de Cannes)

Letter to Jean Macé – 06/12/1875

Manuscript Letter by Tinco Lycklama to Cannes mayor Macé - 6 December 1875
Manuscript letter to Jean Macé – 06/12/1875 (Collection: Archives Municipales de Cannes)

 

In this letter, Tinco Lycklama submits the fourth (and last) volume of his travel (“Voyage…”) to Jean Macé, of the Société des Sciences (Cannes)

(Reference 2R44 at the Archives Municipales de Cannes – direct link to source…)

Voyage en Russie, au Caucase et en Perse… Par Tinco Martinus Lycklama à Nijeholt. 1872-1875.

Voyage... LycklamaT. M., chevalier Lycklama a Nijeholt,“Voyage en Russie, au Caucase et en Perse, dans la Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan, la Syrie, la Palestine et la Turquie, exécuté pendant les années 1866, 1867 et 1868”, 1872-1875, Arthus Bertrand (Paris, Libraire-Editeur) et C.L. van Langenhuysen (Amsterdam, Libraire-Editeur).

Viewable online at Gallica (Bibliothèque Nationale de France)…

 

Description (Volume 1)

Titre : Voyage en Russie, au Caucase et en Perse, dans la Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan, la Syrie, la Palestine et la Turquie : exécuté pendant les années 1866, 1867 et 1868. Tome 1 / par T. M., chevalier Lycklama a Nijeholt
Auteur : Lycklama à Nijeholt, Tinco Martinus (1837-1900)
Éditeur : Arthus Bertrand (Paris)
Date d’édition : 1872-1875
Type : monographie imprimée
Langue : Français
Format : 4 vol. (506, 524, 549, 712 p.) : portrait, pl., carte en coul. ; in-8
Format : application/pdf
Droits : domaine public
Identifiant : ark:/12148/bpt6k6567617k
Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France, département Philosophie, histoire, sciences de l’homme, G-6325
Relation : http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb30849318n
Provenance : Bibliothèque nationale de France
Date de mise en ligne : 16/12/2013