This page delivers extracts from official publications, showing the names of the “hoogst-aangeslagenen” (literally, “highest taxed“) in the province of Frisia, in The Netherlands – between 1852 and 1900. The status of “hoogst-aangeslagene” refers to the payment of real estate taxes only. This status was used to determine those (male) persons eligible for a seat in the “Eerste Kamer” (senate) of the Dutch Parliament – at a time when the “Provinciale Staten” (provincial assemblies) had to elect senators from this list of “hoogst-aangeslagenen”.
These lists were published in the Staats-Courant, the official government bulletin, and were republished by the most important newspapers in the provinces (in Friesland, this was the Leeuwarder Courant). The information provided gives the level of taxes as well as the location of the real estate properties on which these taxes were levied. It must be noted that this does not reflect the total tax situation of these individuals, as their income from employment or trade was covered by other taxes.
Below follows the status of “hoogst-aangeslagene” for…
Tinco Martinus Lycklama à Nijeholt (1837-1900)
Jan Anne Lycklama à Nijeholt (1809-1891) – his father
Augustinus Lycklama à Nijeholt (1842-1906) – his brother
Currenly missing in this inventory are
The status for all three between 1890-1900
For Tinco : the status in 1870, 1876 and 1887-1889
(Click here to view the painting in high resolution)
Tinco Lycklama had a reputation for organizing great parties at his villa in Cannes. He was definitely an icon of the local ‘high society’.
We know this as a fact before his marriage (1875) with Agatha Juliana thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg. Indeed, we have two formal records about the parties organized by Tinco. One took place in December 1873, the other in February 1874. Below, we give some details about these parties.
There is no doubt that Tinco and his wife continued to be active participants in the social life of Cannes. Newspaper articles indicate their participation in various events. Also, given that Tinco was the city’s great benefactor by offering Cannes its first museum (in 1877), it is obvious that he remained part of the local scene for the rest of his life. But, we have no trace about any further parties organized by the Lycklama. Perhaps Tinco became more “quiet” once married?
Barely two years after marrying (1875), Tinco donated his collection to the municipality in December 1877. It included not only the thousands of souvenirs, art and other objects from his travels and acquisitions – it also comprised the collection which he bought (in 1874) from the estate of the late Edmond Ginoux de la Coche (including unique artifacts from Oceania and Pre-Columbian art – now all visible at the Musée de la Castre). (For background on Edmond Ginoux de La Coche (1811-1870), see Wikipedia…).
That same year, they moved from the (large) Villa Escarras on the current rue de Latour-Maubourg to another Villa Escarras on the old chemin des Tignes. We also know that the young couple started to travel extensively, notably to Italy, in the subsequent years, and thus spent little time at their new villa. And, indeed, by the end of 1881, they move to a new home on the Chemin de St Nicolas.
So, whereas the bachelor Tinco was previously holding lavish parties in the splendor of the Villa Escarras and surrounded by his collection, his later domicile – and marriage – were probably far more moderate (for what that means for these young rich aristocrats).
The illustration above concerns the second party, held in February 1874. The painting (from the collection of the Musée de la Castre at Cannes) is by Pierre Tetar van Elven (1828-1908), a Dutch painter and personal friend of Tinco. Pierre was an avid traveler himself; though little is (currently) documented about his life, we know that he traveled through North Africa and also accompanied Tinco’s secretary Ernest Massenot on a trip to Beirut (this trip actually took place between the two recorded parties at the Villa Escarras).
Chronology and details (information may evolve)
09/12/1873 (Tuesday) – Party at the Amphitryon of the Villa Escarras.
On 26 September, 1885, Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt is at Beetsterzwaag (NL) – the town where he was born and raised. Tinco drafts his “last wish” in the presence of notary Jan Frederik Ninaber, from Heerenveen (NL). This testament concerns essentially his wife Juliana Agatha Jacoba thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg, as well as the city of Cannes (F). This happens ten years after his marriage, and fifteen years before his death. As we will see, the document ends up with notary M.A.J. Verkouteren, successor to notary Ninaber at Heerenveen.
In the event of Tinco’s death, the “last wish” makes provisions for his movable and immovable properties, as well as for a collection of seven Qajar paintings and his library.
In the following documents (residing in the collection of the Archives Municipales de Cannes), we see the trail of the document. Shortly after Tinco’s death (which occurred 7 December 1900, at his villa in Cannes), notary Verkouteren informs the city of Cannes of the existence of this last will, and inquires whether the city requests a copy. This inquiry is in Dutch, and (in the margin of the document) an assistant to the mayor instructs M. Bernard, Vice-Consul of The Netherlands, to provide an official translation. Next, Vice-Consul Bernard obliges and provides us with the French version of Verkouteren’s letter. On 31 December 1900, notary Verkouteren delivers a certified extract of Tinco’s “last wish”. After reception in Cannes, this document is translated into French by Vice-Consul Bernard.
Hereunder, we provide images of these documents. At the bottom, we provide our own (uncertified) English translation of the will.
Letter of notary Verkouteren to the city of Cannes…
(The note in French in the margin is by an assistant to the mayor of Cannes, instructing Vice-Consul Bernard to provide a certified translation)
Traduction de la lettre du notaire Verkouteren addressée à la mairie de Cannes…
Extract of the olographic “Last Wish” of Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt (in Dutch, see translation below)…
Traduction des “Dernières volontés” olographiques de Tinco Lycklama à Nijeholt (traduction certifiée par le vice-consul des Pays-Bas à Cannes, M. Bernard…
Translation of the extract of Tinco Lycklama’s “Last Wish”…
Olographic Last Wish
of Esquire Tinco Martinus Lycklama à Nijeholt, deceased at Cannes on 7 December 1900.
d.d. 28 September 1885
Office of notary M.A.J. Verkouteren at Heerenveen
This is my final wish.
I recall all previous testaments made by me.
I leave the usufruct of my movable and immovable properties to my spouse lady Juliana Agatha Jacoba Lycklama à Nijeholt, born Baroness thoe Schwartzenberg en Hohenlansberg, for the remainder of her life, with dispensation of the obligation to deposit a guarantee, and such until remarriage.
I donate my seven Persian paintings, representing two Persian princesses, daughters of King Abbas the Great, a Persian prince from the house of Fath-Ali-Chah, and four views from the gardens of the Tsharbagh at Isfahan, to the Lycklama museum, belonging to the city of Cannes.
I also donate to the city of Cannes my library, all books, plates and beautiful editions, except for some books that my spouse may wish to keep in her possession.
I donate to private possession, free of succession rights, to my spouse all copies of my book Voyage en Russie, au Caucase, en Perse, etc. par T.M. Chev. Lycklama à Nijeholt, which are still in my library in Cannes. I, etcetera,
Beetsterzwaag twenty six Sept. 1885.
————-T.M. Lycklama à Nijeholt.————–
The Receiver of Registration of Berlekom
Heerenveen 13 December 1900.
Registered at Heerenveen thirteen December nineteen hundred, volume 16 folio 24 verso section 6. Two pages no claim. Received as rights three guilders sixty cents.
The Receiver of Berlekom.
Delivered as literally corresponding extract, thirty first of December nineteen hundred, at the request of the city of Cannes – of the olographic final wish of Esquire Tinco Martinus Lycklama à Nijeholt (deceased at Cannes on seventh December nineteen hundred) deposited
with the notary Jan Frederik Ninaber, established at Heerenveen, as evidenced by the record of deposition of twenty eight September eighteen hundred eighty five – by me, Marius Adrianus Johannes Verkouteren, notary at Heerenveen, successor to previously named notary Jan Frederik Ninaber and keeper of his original records.
[stamped Verkouteren and Archives de la Ville de Cannes)
Manuscript letter addressed to Jean Macé, of the Société des Sciences in Cannes. In this letter, Tinco Lycklama thanks Macé for accepting him as a titular member of the society. He joins a copy of the first volume of his travel writings (“Voyages…”), but apologizes for the bad quality and many mistakes. He announces a new print run in July and promises a new copy. He also joins a copy of the catalogue of his museum in The Netherlands. Finally, he also joins a few “musical works”.
(Reference 2R44 at the Archives Municipales de Cannes – see at source…)
T. M., chevalier Lycklama a Nijeholt,“Voyage en Russie, au Caucase et en Perse, dans la Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan, la Syrie, la Palestine et la Turquie, exécuté pendant les années 1866, 1867 et 1868”, 1872-1875, Arthus Bertrand (Paris, Libraire-Editeur) et C.L. van Langenhuysen (Amsterdam, Libraire-Editeur).
Viewable online at Gallica (Bibliothèque Nationale de France)…
Titre : Voyage en Russie, au Caucase et en Perse, dans la Mésopotamie, le Kurdistan, la Syrie, la Palestine et la Turquie : exécuté pendant les années 1866, 1867 et 1868. Tome 1 / par T. M., chevalier Lycklama a Nijeholt Auteur : Lycklama à Nijeholt, Tinco Martinus (1837-1900) Éditeur : Arthus Bertrand (Paris) Date d’édition : 1872-1875 Type : monographie imprimée Langue : Français Format : 4 vol. (506, 524, 549, 712 p.) : portrait, pl., carte en coul. ; in-8 Format : application/pdf Droits : domaine public Identifiant : ark:/12148/bpt6k6567617k Source : Bibliothèque nationale de France, département Philosophie, histoire, sciences de l’homme, G-6325 Relation : http://catalogue.bnf.fr/ark:/12148/cb30849318n Provenance : Bibliothèque nationale de France Date de mise en ligne : 16/12/2013