Voyage chronology (1865-1868)

A timeline of Tinco’s voyage through Russia, the Caucasus, Persia, Mesopotamia, Kurdistan, Syria, Palestine and Turkey – undertaken between 1865 and 1868.


Preliminary note. In his travel story, Tinco Lycklama doesn’t mention a precise date until his arrival in Riga, on 15/06/1885. He states that he left Paris in April, and mentions April when arriving in Frankfurt. It took him two days to get to Frankfurt, and he stayed there three days. He then travels to Berlin and stays a “a few days“. He then continues to Riga, via Königsberg (Kaliningrad).
This doesn’t account for many days spent on the way. Assuming that the trip from Berlin to Riga would have taken 2-3 days non-stop, there are about 4-5 weeks unaccounted for. Thus, it is possible that “a few days” in Berlin may have been a few weeks. Or, he may have spent time elsewhere. In 1865, there was a line directly from Berlin to Königsberg, without passing by Warsaw. He may, however, have passed Warsaw on another line, or possibly stopped at Bydgocscz and gone to Gdansk. He may also have spent time at Königsberg.
We hope to uncover evidence for these unaccounted weeks at the start of his travel.


1865

  • April
    • Departure from Paris
    • After leaving Paris, an itinerary via Cologne, Frankfurt, Berlin, and Koenigsberg
  • May
    • Tinco Lycklama probably left Frankfurt before the start of May. He definitely spent a few days in Berlin (by his own account) but his general whereabouts after Berlin are unclear – except that he reached Riga via Königsberg (Kaliningrad).
  • June
    • 15/06/1865 – Arrival at Riga. Departure 20/06/1865
    • 21/06/1865 – Arrival at St Petersburg. Departure 05/07/1865
  • July
    • 05/07/1865 – Arrival at Moscow. Departure 10/07/1865
    • 11/07/1865 – Arrival at Nijni-Novogorod
      • Boarding a ship of the Semialott company, for a trip down the Volga (seven days): Kazan, Simbirsk, Khvalinsk, Wolsk, Saratoff, Zaryzin, Jenotajeffsk
    • 18/07/1865 – Arrival at Astrakan
      • Boarding a ship to Baku, via the Caspian Sea
    • 22/07/1865 – Arrival at Baku. Departure 24/07/1865
    • 31/07/1865 – Arrival at Tiflis
      • The next months are spent on exploring the Caucasus, including the Kasbek mountains, as well as discovering Tbilisi, socialising with the city’s elite, and preparing his trip into Persia.
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

1866

  • January
  • February
  • March
    • 19/03/1866 – Departure from Tiflis
    • 25/03/1866 – Arrival at Yerevan (Erivan) – Departure: 29/03/1866
    • Travel via Sardarak, Nourachin, Balpost
    • 30/03/1966 – Arrival at Naghtchivan – Departure: 05/04/1866
  • April
    • 05/04/1866 – Arrival at Julfa (Djoulfa, border between Azerbaijan and Persia)
    • 06/04/1866 – Crossing the Araxe river, arrival in Jolfa (Persia)
    • 08/04/1866 – Arrival at Tabriz (Tauris, Tebris) – Departure: 21/04/1866
    • 26/04/1866 – Arrival at Zanjan – Departure: 27/04/1866
    • 28/04/1866 – Arrival at Kirva (Qerveh) – Departure: 03/05/1866
  • May
    • 04/05/1866 – Arrival at Kasbin (Qasvin) – Departure: 08/05/1866
    • 11/05/1866 – Arrival at Teheran (at some point, he rents a permanent house at Chimran to spend the Summer)
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
    • 23/09/1866 – Audience with Naser ed-Din Shah Qajar, at the palace at Niaveran
  • October
    • 02/10/1866 – Departure from Teheran
    • 02/10/1866 – Arrival at Kénaré Gird. Departure: 03/10/1866
    • 03/10/1866 – Arrival at Pul-i-Dallak. Departure: 04/10/1866
    • 04/10/1866 – Arrival at Qom. Departue: 05/10/1866
    • 05/10/1866 – Arrival at San San. Departure: 06/10/1866
    • 06/10/1866 – Arrival at Ghohrud. Departure: 07/10/1866
    • 07/10/1866 – Arrival at Murchehkhort. Departure 08/10/1866
    • 08/10/1866 – Arrival at Ispahan. Departure: 21/10/1866
    • 21/10/1866 – Arrival at Mejar. Departure 22/10/1866
    • 22/10/1866 – Arrival at Maqsud Beyk. Departure 23/10/1866
    • 23/10/1866 – Arrival at Shurjestan. Departure 24/10/1866
    • 24/10/1866 – Arrival at Surmaq. Departure 25/10/1866
    • 25/10/1866 – Arrival at Dehbid. Departure 26/10/1866
    • 26/10/1866 – Arrival at Morghab. Departure 27/10/1866
    • 27/10/1866 – Pasargadae, Arrival at Seyedan. Departure 28/10/1866
    • 28/10/1866 – Naqsh-e Rustam, Arrival at Kenareh. Departure 29/10/66
    • 29/10/1866 – Persepolis, Arrival at Zarqan. Departure 30/11/1866
    • 30/10/1866 – Arrival at Chiraz (Shiras, Chahpoor)
  • November
    • 07/11/1866 – Departure from Chiraz
    • 09/11/1866 – Arrival at Kazerun. Departure: 10/11/1866
    • 10/11/1866 – Arrival at Shahpur. Departure: 12/11/1866
    • 12/11/1866 – Arrival at Kamaraj. Departure: 13/11/1866
    • 13/11/1866 – Arrival at Khonar Tagt. Departure 14/11/1866
    • 14/11/1866 – Arrival at Dalaki. Departure 15/11/1866
    • 15/11/1866 – Arrival at Borazjan. Departure 16/11/1866
    • 16/11/1866 – Arrival at Ahmadi. Departure 17/11/1866
    • 17/11/1866 – Arrival at Bender-Bouschir. Departure: 26/11/1866 (By boat to Bassora).
    • 28/11/1866 – Arrival at Bassorah. Departure 30/11/1866
  • December
    • 04/12/1866 – Arrival at Baghdad
    • Travel through Babylonia and Kerbela)

1867

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
    • 08/04/1867 – Departure for Babylon
    • 08/04/1867 – Arrival at Khan Assad
    • 09/04/1867 – Arrival at Khan el Mehaouil (Mehawil)
    • 10/04/1867 – Arrival at Hillal
    • 11/04/1867 – Exploration of Babylon
    • 12/04/1867 – Departure from Babylon
    • 12/04/1867 – Birs Nimrud (Borsippa)
    • 16/04/1867 – Arrival at Baghdad
    • 29/04/1867 – Departure for Ctesiphon, stays at desert camp
    • 30/04/1867 – Arrival at Ctesiphon
  • May-August
    • 04/05/1867 – Arrival at Baghdad
    • 17/05/1867 – Departure from Baghdad
    • 21/05/1867 – Arrival at Samara. Departure 23/05/1867
    • 24/05/1867 – Arrival at Djezanieh. Departure 24/05/1867
    • 27/05/1867 – Arrival at Baqubah. Departure 31/05/1867
    • 31/05/1867 – Arrival at Cheraban. Departure 01/06/1867
    • 01/06/1867 – Arrival at Khorsabad. Departure 02/06/1867
    • 02/06/1867 – Arrival at Khane Kine. Departure 04/06/1867
    • 04/06/1867 – Arrival at Kasr Chirine. Departue 06/06/1867
    • 06/06/1867 – Arrival at Pai-Tagt. Departure 07/06/1867
    • 08/06/1867 – Arrival at Kirrind. Departure 11/06/1867
    • 11/06/1867 – Arrival at Haroun-Abad. Departure 12/06/1867
    • 12/06/1867 – Arrival at Kirmanchah. Departure 29/07/1867
    • 29/06/1867 – Arrival at Bisotun. Departure 30/07/1867
    • 01/07/1867 – Arrival at Sahneh. Departure 04/07/1867
    • 04/07/1867 – Arrival at Kangavar. Departure 05/07/1867
    • 05/07/1867 – Arrival at Sadatabad. Departure 07/07/1867
    • 07/07/1867 – Arrival at Zagheh. Departure 08/07/1867
    • 08/07/1867 – Arrival at Ecbatane (today’s Hamadan). Departure 18/07/1867
    • 18/07/1867 – Arrival at Milaguerd (via Agdji Gharaba, Ghuz-Ghuz). Departure 19/07/1867
    • 19/07/1867 – Arrival at Zereh (via Nuba, Hamma Kassi, Goschabad). Departure 20/07/1867
    • 20/07/1867 – Arrival at Noveran (via Merek). Departure 21/07/1867
    • 21/07/1867 – Arrival at Biveran (via Mazlan). Departure 22/07/1867
    • 22/07/1867 – Arrival at Kushek. Departure 23/07/1867
    • 23/07/1867 – Arrival at Rabat Kerim. Departure 25/07/1867
    • 25/07/1867 – Arrival at Zerghendé (near Teheran) (rents a house)
    • 18/08/1867 – Departure from Teheran
    • 26/08/1867 – Arrival at Zereh. Departure: 27/08/1867
    • 28/08/1867 – Arrival at Hamadan. Departure: 03/09/1867
  • September-October
    • 03/09/1867 – Arrival at Hameh Kasi. Departure: 04/09/1867
    • 04/09/1867 – Arrival at Qorveh. Departure: 05/09/1867
    • 05/09/1867 – Arrival at Dehgolan. Departure: 06/09/1867
    • 06/09/1867 – Arrival at Kargabad. Departure: 07/09/1867
    • 07/09/1867 – Arrival at Senneh. Departure: 19/09/1867
    • 19/09/1867 – Arrival at Grousseh. Departue: 20/09/1867
    • 20/09/1867 – Arrival at Surkauw. Departure: 21/09/1867
    • 21/09/1867 – Arrival at Hadjimeneh. Departure: 22/09/1867
    • 22/09/1867 – Arrival at Daskeran. Departure: 23/09/1867
    • 23/09/1867 – Arrival at Penjwen. Departure: 02/10/1867
    • 04/10/1867 – Arrival at Souleimanieh. Departure: 10/10/1867
    • 13/10/1867 – Arrival at Kirkuk. Departure: 17/10/1867
    • 19/10/1867 – Arrival at Erbil. Departure: 20/10/1867
    • 21/10/1867 – Arrival at Kelek. Departure: 22/10/1867
    • 22/10/1867 – Arrivak at Bartella. Departure: 24/10/1867
    • 24/10/1867 – Arrival at Mossoul
      • 30/10/1867 – Khorsabad (archeological digs)
      • 06/11/1867 – Nimrud
  • November
    • 11/11/1867 – Departure from Mosul
    • 15/11/1867 – Arrival at Djézireh. Departure: 17/11/1867
    • 19/11/1867 – Arrival at Nusaybin. Departure: 20/11/1867
    • 20/11/1867 – Arrival at Dar Zafran. Departure: 21/11/1867
    • 21/11/1867 – Arrival at Mardin. Departure: 23/11/1867
    • 25/11/1867 – Arrival at Dyarbekir. Departure: 29/11/1867
  • December
    • 01/12/1867 – Arrival at Siverek. Departure: 02/12/1867
    • 04/12/1867 – Arrival at Orfa. Departure: 07/12/1867
    • 08/12/1867 – Arrival at Birecik. Departure: 09/12/1867
    • 12/12/1867 – Arrival at Aleppo

1868

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
    • 18/04/1868 – Departure from Aleppo
    • 18/04/1868 – Arrival at St Simeon. Departure: 19/04/1868
    • 19/04/1868 – Arrival at Djenghui Shehr: Departure: 20/04/1868
    • 20/04/1868 – Arrival at Antioch. Departure: 29/04/1868
    • 29/04/1868 – Arrival at Belen. Departure: 30/04/1868
  • May
    • 01/05/1868, arrival at Alexandrette
      • Travel by sea via Lakatieh, Tripoli
    • 02/05/1868 – Arrival at Beyrouth. Departure: 04/05/1868
    • 04/05/1868 – Arrival at Sidon (Saïda). Departure: 05/05/1868
    • 05/05/1868 – Arrival at Tyre. Departure: 07/05/1868
    • 07/05/1868 – Arrival at Saint Jean d’Acre. Departure: 08/05/1868
    • 08/05/1868 – Arrival at Mount Carmel. Departure: 10/05/1868
    • 10/05/1868 – Arrival at Nazareth. Departure: 12/05/1868
    • 12/05/1868 – Arrival at Tiberias. Departure: 15/05/1868
    • 15/05/1868 – Arrival at Nazareth. Departure: 16/05/1868
    • 16/05/1868 – Arrival at Jenin. Departure: 17/05/1868
    • 17/05/1868 – Arrival at Nablus. Departure: 18/05/1868
    • 18/05/1868 – Arrival at Bethel. Departure: 19/05/1868
    • 19/05/1868 – Arrival at Jerusalem. Departure: 21/05/1868
    • 21/05/1868 – Arrival at Bethlehem. Departure: 22/05/1868
    • 22/05/1868 – Arrival at Jerusalem. Departure: 23/05/1868
    • 23/05/1868 – Baptismal site of Jesus. Departure; 24/05/1868
    • 24/05/1868 – Arrival at Jericho. Departure: 25/05/1868
    • 25/05/1868 – Arrival at Jerusalem
      • 02/06/1868: Conversion of Tinco Lycklama
  • June
    • 09/06/1868 – Departure from Jerusalem
    • 09/06/1868 – Arrival at Ramla. Departure: 10/06/1868
    • 10/06/1868 – Arrival at Jaffa. Embarkment for Beirut
    • 11/06/1868 – Arrival at Beirut. Departure: 21/06/1868
    • 21/06/1868 – Arrival at Damascus. Departure: 28/06/1868
    • 28/06/1868 – Arrival at Tourna. Departure: 29/06/1868
    • 29/06/1868 – Arrival at Taffièh. Departure: 30/06/1868
    • 30/06/1868 – Arrival at Aster. Departure: 01/07/1868
  • July
    • 01/07/1868 – Arrival at Qarah. Departure: 02/06/1868
    • 02/06/1868 – Arrival at Hazia. Departure: 03/07/1868
    • 03/07/1868 – Arrival at Homs. Departure 06/07/1868
    • 06/07/1868 – Arrival at desert encampment of Cheik Midjoël (Abdul Medjuel el Mezrab). Departure 13/07/1868
    • 15/07/1868 – Arrival at Palmyra. Departure: 19/07/1868
    • 21/07/1868 – Arrival at Homs (Mezrefi). Departure: 25/07/1868
    • 25/07/1868 – Arrival at Dil. Departure: 26/07/1868
    • 26/07/1868 – Arrival at Ain Alakin. Departure: 29/07/1868
    • 29/07/1868 – Arrival at Maszyad (Masyaf). Departure: 30/07/1868
    • 30/07/1868 – Arrival at Hama. Departure 01/08/1868
  • August
    • 01/08/1868 – Arrival at Homs. Departure 03/08/1868
    • 03/08/1868 – Arrival at Arjoun. Departure: 04/08/1868
    • 04/08/1868 – Arrival at Ras Baalbek. Departure: 05/08/1868
    • 05/08/1868 – Arrival at Baalbek. Departure 07/08/1868
    • 07/08/1868 – Arrival at Aainata. Departure: 08/08/1868
    • 08/08/1868 – Arrival at Bsharri. Departure: 09/08/1868
    • 09/08/1868 – Arrival at Nahr el Kadissat. Departure: 10/08/1868
    • 10/08/1868 – Arrival at Qannoubine. Departure: 11/08/1868
    • 11/08/1868 – Arrival at Dimane (Abdemein). Departure: 12/08/1868
    • 12/08/1868 – Arrival at Afka. Departure: 13/08/1868
    • 13/08/1868 – Ain el Masloun. Departure: 14/08/1868
    • 14/08/1868 – Arrival at Ghazir. Departure: 16/08/1868
    • 16/08/1868 – Arrival at Jounieh. Departure: 17/08/1868
    • 17/08/1868 – Arrival at Beirut. Departure 26/08/1868
    • 26/08/1868 – Arrival at Deir el Khamar. Departure: 27/08/1868
    • 27/08/1868 – Arrival at Jezzine. Departure: 28/08/1868
    • 28/08/1868 – Arrival at Joun. Departure: 29/08/1868
    • 30/08/1868 – Arrival At Beirut.
  • September
    • 02/09/1868 – Departure from Beirut, with the Österreichischer Lloyd.
    • 04/09/1868 – Disembarks at Rhodos for a short visit
    • 07/09/1868 – Arrival at Izmir. Departure: 08/09/1868
    • 12/09/1868 – Arrival at Constantinople. Departure: 20/09/1868
      • Stays at the Hôtel de Byzance, at Pera
    • Via the Black Sea
    • 21/09/1868 – Arrival at Varna. Departure same day.
    • From Varna, via road and the Danube, via Routchouk and Pesth, to Vienna.
    • Departure from Vienna. 40-hour train trip to Arnhem.
  • October
    • 05/10/1868 – Arrival at Beetsterzwaag

NOTE

In a footnote in his published travel diaries about this 1865-1868 voyage, Tinco Lycklama mentions his return to Beirut for six months, in 1869 (See the footnote in Vol. IV, page 533…). A short description of an episode from that 1869 trip is given in Ernest Massenot’s publication about Saïda….

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